Wales

Wales (wālz)
A principality of the United Kingdom west of England on the island of Great Britain. Incorporated with England since the Act of Union (1536), Wales has maintained its own distinct culture and a strong nationalist sentiment. Cardiff is the capital and the largest city.
Word History: Although Celtic-speaking peoples were living in Britain long before the arrival of the invaders from Friesland and Jutland whose languages would eventually develop into English, it was the Celts and not the invaders who came to be called "strangers" in Old English. The English words for the descendants of one of these Celtic peoples, Welsh, and for their homeland, Wales, come from the Old English word wealh, meaning "foreigner, stranger, Celt." Its plural wealas is the direct ancestor of Wales, literally "foreigners, Celts." An Old English adjective derived from wealh, wælisc or welisc, is the source of our Welsh. The Germanic form for the root from which wealh descended was *walh-, "foreign." A form of *walh- can also be seen in a word attested once in the surviving manuscripts of Old English, the compound walhhnutu found in a document from around 1050. This word eventually became Middle English walnotte and Modern English walnut, which is thus literally the "foreign nut." The English walnut is native to Asia (and perhaps also to some parts of Eastern Europe), and the cultivation of the tree is a relatively new practice in Europe. The Roman author Pliny the Elder, for example, says that the ancient Greeks received their first walnut trees from the Persians. Eventually, the walnut came to be cultivated extensively in western Europe by the Romans and Gauls, and the ancient Germanic peoples knew walnuts primarily as a product of Roman Gaul and later medieval France. In the Germanic languages, the walnut eventually came to be named with words made up of the reflex of Germanic *walh-, "foreigner, Celt" added to the Germanic word for "nut,"—as in Old Norse valhnot, Middle Dutch walnote, and Old English walhhnutu.

Word Histories. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wales — Cymru …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wales — • Located in the western portion of Great Britain Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Wales     Wales     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Wales — [weɪlz ]; Wales : Halbinsel im Westen der Insel Großbritannien. * * * Wales   [weɪlz], walisisch Cymru [ kœmru], Landesteil von Großbritannien und Nordirland, 20 779 km2, (1995) 2,917 Mio. Einwohner; Hauptstadt ist Cardiff.   Landesnatur:   Wales …   Universal-Lexikon

  • WALES — WALES, country of the United Kingdom. No Jewish communities are recorded there during the Middle Ages. However, individual Jews are mentioned in places where English influence was prevalent, such as Caerleon and Chepstow. The charters of newly… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wales — Wales, WI U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 2523 Housing Units (2000): 863 Land area (2000): 2.441488 sq. miles (6.323424 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.441488 sq. miles (6.323424… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Wales — a country in the United Kingdom, west of England, which was an independent country until it was brought under English rule in 1284. Population: 2,903,085 (2001). Capital: Cardiff. The country s Welsh name is Cymru. Traditionally, its main… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Wales — (spr. Uëhls, fälschlich oft auch Wallis genannt), ein ursprünglich selbständiges, jetzt mit dem Königreich Großbritannien vereinigtes, den westlichen Theil des eigentlichen England bildendes Fürstenthum; grenzt im Süden, Westen u. Norden an den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Wales [1] — Wales (spr. ŭēls), ehemals selbständiges, jetzt mit dem Königreich England vereinigtes Fürstentum (s. Karte »England und Wales«), umfaßt eine Halbinsel, die im N. von der Irischen See, im Westen vom Georgskanal und im S. vom Bristolkanal… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Wales, AK — U.S. city in Alaska Population (2000): 152 Housing Units (2000): 59 Land area (2000): 2.818314 sq. miles (7.299400 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.818314 sq. miles (7.299400 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Wales, ND — U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 30 Housing Units (2000): 31 Land area (2000): 0.235655 sq. miles (0.610344 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003448 sq. miles (0.008930 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.239103 sq. miles (0.619274 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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